("Wuhan, Different Everyday!")
|Coordinates (Wuhan municipal government): Coordinates:|
|First unified||January 1, 1927|
|Hancheng walls built||223 BC|
|Municipal seat||Jiang'an District|
156 subdistricts, 1 towns, 3 townships
|• Type||sub-provincial city|
|• Body||Wuhan Municipal People's Congress|
|• CCP Secretary||Wang Zhonglin|
|• Congress Chairman||Hu Lishan|
|• Mayor||Cheng Yongwen|
|• CPPCC Chairman||Yang Zhi|
|• Sub-provincial city||8,494.41 km2 (3,279.71 sq mi)|
| • Urban|
|1,528 km2 (590 sq mi)|
|• Sub-provincial city||11,081,000|
| • Urban|
|• Metro||19 million|
|• Languages||Wuhan dialect, Standard Chinese|
|Major ethnic groups|
|• Major ethnic groups||Han|
|Time zone||UTC+08:00 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HB-01|
|– Total||CNY 1.56 trillion|
US$240 billion (8th)
|- Per capita||CNY 140,800|
US$21,700 (nominal); US$40,000 (purchasing power parity) (11th)
|- Growth||10.8% (2020)|
|License plate prefixes||鄂A|
鄂O (police and authorities)
|HDI (2015)||0.839 (9th) – very high|
|City flower||Plum blossom|
|Website||武汉政府门户网站 (Wuhan Government Web Portal) (in Chinese); English Wuhan (in English)|
|Literal meaning||"[The combined cities of] Wu[chang] and Han[kou]"|
Wuhan (//, US also / -/,; simplified Chinese: 武汉; traditional Chinese: 武漢; pinyin: Wǔhàn; [ù.xân] (listen)) is the capital of Hubei Province in the People's Republic of China. It is the largest city in Hubei and the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over eleven million, the ninth-most populous Chinese city and one of the nine National Central Cities of China.
The name "Wuhan" came from the city's historical origin from the conglomeration of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang, which are collectively known as the "Three Towns of Wuhan" (武汉三镇). Wuhan lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain, at the confluence of the Yangtze river and its largest tributary, the Han River and is known as "Nine Provinces' Thoroughfare" (九省通衢).
Wuhan is considered by some to be one of the potential sites of the pivotal Battle of the Red Cliffs, a battle that stopped warlord Cao Cao's incursion into southern China at the end of the Eastern Han dynasty. Other historical events taking place in Wuhan include the Wuchang Uprising of 1911, which led to the downfall of the Qing dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China. Wuhan was briefly the capital of China in 1927 under the left wing of the Kuomintang (KMT) government led by Wang Jingwei. The city later served as the wartime capital of China for ten months in 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Wuhan is considered the political, economic, financial, commercial, cultural and educational center of Central China. It is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. Because of its key role in domestic transportation, Wuhan is sometimes referred to as "the Chicago of China" by foreign sources. The "Golden Waterway" of the Yangtze River and the Han River traverse the urban area and divide Wuhan into the three districts of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang. The Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge crosses the Yangtze in the city. The Three Gorges Dam, the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity, is located nearby. Historically, Wuhan has suffered risks of flooding, prompting the government to alleviate the situation by introducing ecologically friendly absorption mechanisms.
While Wuhan has been a traditional manufacturing hub for decades, it is also one of the areas promoting modern industrial changes in China. Wuhan consists of three national development zones, four scientific and technological development parks, over 350 research institutes, 1,656 high tech enterprises, numerous enterprise incubators and investments from 230 Fortune Global 500 firms. It produced GDP (nominal) of US$240 billion in 2020. The Dongfeng Motor Corporation, an automobile manufacturer, is headquartered in Wuhan. The city is home to multiple notable institutes of higher education, including Wuhan University and the Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Wuhan is a major city in the world by scientific research outputs and it ranks 14th globally and 5th in China (after Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Guangzhou). In 2017, Wuhan was designated as a Creative City by UNESCO, in the field of design. Wuhan is classified as a Beta- (global second tier) city together with seven other cities in China, including Changsha, Dalian, Jinan, Shenyang, Xiamen, Xi'an and Zhengzhou by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.
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