St. Louis

St. Louis
City of St. Louis
Gateway Arch and the Downtown St. Louis skyline
Official seal of St. Louis
Official logo of St. Louis
Nickname(s): 
"Gateway to the West",[1] The Gateway City,[1] Mound City,[2] The Lou,[3] Rome of the West,[4] River City, The STL, Saint Lou
Interactive map of St. Louis
Coordinates: 38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W / 38.62722°N 90.19778°W / 38.62722; -90.19778Coordinates: 38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W / 38.62722°N 90.19778°W / 38.62722; -90.19778
Country United States
State Missouri
CSASt. Louis–St. Charles–Farmington, MO–IL
MetroSt. Louis, MO-IL
FoundedFebruary 14, 1764
Incorporated1822
Named forLouis IX of France
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • BodyBoard of Aldermen
 • MayorTishaura Jones (D)
 • President, Board of AldermenLewis E. Reed (D)
 • TreasurerAdam Layne
 • ComptrollerDarlene Green (D)
 • Congressional representativeCori Bush (D)
Area
 • Independent city65.99 sq mi (170.92 km2)
 • Land61.74 sq mi (159.92 km2)
 • Water4.25 sq mi (11.00 km2)
 • Urban
923.6 sq mi (2,392 km2)
 • Metro
8,458 sq mi (21,910 km2)
Elevation466 ft (142 m)
Highest elevation614 ft (187 m)
Population
 • Independent city301,578
 • RankUS: 69th
Midwest: 11th
Missouri: 2nd
 • Density4,885.0/sq mi (1,887.19/km2)
 • Urban
2,150,706 (US: 20th)
 • Metro
2,807,338 (US: 20th)
 • CSA
2,911,945 (US: 19th)
Demonym(s)St. Louisan
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
List
Area code314
FIPS code29-65000
InterstatesI-44 (MO).svgI-55 (MO).svgI-64 (MO).svgI-70 (MO).svgI-270.svg
Light railSt Louis MetroLink Logo.svg
Primary airportSt. Louis Lambert International Airport
WaterwaysMississippi River
Missouri River
GDP$160 billion (2017)
Websitestlouis-mo.gov

St. Louis (/snt ˈlɪs, sənt ˈlɪs/)[9] is the second-largest city in Missouri, United States. It sits near the confluence of the Mississippi and the Missouri Rivers. As of 2020, the city proper had a population of 301,578,[8] while the bi-state metropolitan area, which extends into Illinois, had an estimated population of over 2.8 million, making it the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, the second-largest in Illinois, and the 20th-largest in the United States.

Before European settlement, the area was a regional center of Native American Mississippian culture. St. Louis was founded on February 14, 1764, by French fur traders Gilbert Antoine de St. Maxent,[10] Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, who named it for Louis IX of France. In 1764, following France's defeat in the Seven Years' War, the area was ceded to Spain. In 1800, it was retroceded to France, which sold it three years later to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase;[11] the city was then the point of embarkation for the Corps of Discovery on the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In the 19th century, St. Louis became a major port on the Mississippi River; from 1870 until the 1920 census, it was the fourth-largest city in the country. It separated from St. Louis County in 1877, becoming an independent city and limiting its own political boundaries. In 1904, it hosted the Louisiana Purchase Exposition and the Summer Olympics.

A "Gamma" global city with a metropolitan GDP of more than $160 billion in 2017,[12] metropolitan St. Louis has a diverse economy with strengths in the service, manufacturing, trade, transportation, and tourism industries. It is home to eight Fortune 500 companies. Major companies headquartered or with significant operations in the city include Ameren Corporation, Peabody Energy, Nestlé Purina PetCare, Anheuser-Busch, Wells Fargo Advisors, Stifel Financial, Spire, Inc., MilliporeSigma, FleishmanHillard, Square, Inc., U.S. Bank, Anthem BlueCross and Blue Shield, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Centene Corporation, and Express Scripts.

Major research universities include Saint Louis University and Washington University in St. Louis. The Washington University Medical Center in the Central West End neighborhood hosts an agglomeration of medical and pharmaceutical institutions, including Barnes-Jewish Hospital.

St. Louis has four professional sports teams: the St. Louis Cardinals of Major League Baseball, the St. Louis Blues of the National Hockey League, St. Louis City SC of Major League Soccer, anticipated to begin play in 2023, and the St. Louis BattleHawks of the XFL. Among the city's notable sights is the 630-foot (192 m) Gateway Arch in Downtown St. Louis, the St. Louis Zoo, the Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis Art Museum, and Bellefontaine Cemetery and Arboretum.[13][14][15]

  1. ^ a b "St. Louis United States – Visiting the Gateway to the West". Globosapiens.net. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  2. ^ St. Louis Public Library on "Mound City" Archived October 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ STLtoday.com on "The Lou".
  4. ^ "Rome of the West". Stltoday.com. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  5. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "St. Louis City, Missouri – Population Finder – American FactFinder". United States Geological Survey. October 24, 1980. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
  7. ^ "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S. Geological Survey. U.S. Department of the Interior — U.S. Geological Survey. April 29, 2005. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
  8. ^ a b "2020 Census Demographic Data Map Viewer". Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  9. ^ "Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster".
  10. ^ Cazorla, Frank, Baena, Rose, Polo, David, Reder Gadow, Marion (2019) The governor Louis de Unzaga (1717–1793) Pioneer in the Birth of the United States of America. Foundation, Malaga, pages 49, 57–65, 70–75, 150, 207
  11. ^ "Louisiana Purchase - United States history". Britannica.com. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  12. ^ "Regional Data - GDP & Personal Income". Bureau of Economic Analysis. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
  13. ^ "St. Louis Zoo named 'Best Zoo' and wins 'Best Zoo Exhibit' in Readers' Choice Awards". FOX2now.com. May 4, 2018. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  14. ^ "Missouri Botanical Garden". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Archived from the original on August 2, 2019. Retrieved August 2, 2019.
  15. ^ "Bellefontaine Cemetery and Arboretum Level II Accreditation Listing". arbnet.org/morton-register/bellefontaine-cemetery-and-arboretum. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2021.

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