Paralympic Games

The Paralympic Games or Paralympics, also known as the Games of the Paralympiad, is a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of physical disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or Dysmelia), leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).

The Paralympics has grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948 to become one of the largest international sporting events by the early 21st century. The Paralympics has grown from 400 athletes with a disability from 23 countries in 1960 to thousands of competitors from over 100 countries at the 2012 Summer Paralympics.[1] Paralympians strive for equal treatment with non-disabled Olympic athletes, but there is a large funding gap between Olympic and Paralympic athletes.[2]

The Paralympic Games are organized in parallel with the Olympic Games, while the IOC-recognized Special Olympics World Games include athletes with intellectual disabilities, and the Deaflympics include deaf athletes.[3][4]

Given the wide variety of disabilities that Para athletes have, there are several categories in which the athletes compete. The allowable disabilities are broken down into ten eligible impairment types. The categories are impaired muscle power, impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency, leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment.[5] These categories are further broken down into various classifications.

  1. ^ Dehghansai, Nima; Lemez, Srdjan; Wattie, Nick; Baker, Joseph (January 2017). "A Systematic Review of Influences on Development of Athletes With Disabilities". Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. 34 (1): 72–90. doi:10.1123/APAQ.2016-0030. PMID 28218871.
  2. ^ Vritika (2017-04-25). "Difference between Olympics and Paralympics". www.differencebetween.info. Archived from the original on 2021-09-08. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  3. ^ The World Games for the Deaf and the Paralympic Games Archived 2014-03-15 at the Wayback Machine, International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (CISS), December 1996
  4. ^ Special Olympics and the Olympic Movement, Official website of the Special Olympics, 2006
  5. ^ "Classification". Official website of the Paralympic Movement. Archived from the original on 2014-03-16.

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