Fryslân  (West Frisian)
Coat of arms of Friesland
Anthem: "De Alde Friezen"
"The Old Frisians"
Location of Friesland in the Netherlands
Location of Friesland in the Netherlands
Location of Friesland
Coordinates: 53°8′N 5°49′E / 53.133°N 5.817°E / 53.133; 5.817Coordinates: 53°8′N 5°49′E / 53.133°N 5.817°E / 53.133; 5.817
(and largest city)
Leeuwarden (Ljouwert)
 • King's CommissionerArno Brok (VVD)
 • Total5,749 km2 (2,220 sq mi)
 • Land3,324 km2 (1,283 sq mi)
 • Water2,425 km2 (936 sq mi)
Area rank1st
 (1 January 2020)[2]
 • Total649,944
 • Rank8th
 • Density196/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Density rank11th
 • OfficialWest Frisian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNL-FR
Religion (2005)[needs update]Protestant 30%
Roman Catholic 6%
Muslim 2%
HDI (2018)0.905[3]
very high · 10th

Friesland (/ˈfrzlənd/ FREEZ-lənd, US also /-lænd/ -⁠land, Dutch: [ˈfrislɑnt] (About this soundlisten); official West Frisian: Fryslân [ˈfrislɔ̃ːn] (About this soundlisten)), historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country. It is situated west of Groningen, northwest of Drenthe and Overijssel, north of Flevoland, northeast of North Holland, and south of the Wadden Sea. As of January 2020, the province had a population of 649,944[4] and a total area of 5,749 km2 (2,220 sq mi).

The capital and seat of the provincial government is the city of Leeuwarden (West Frisian: Ljouwert, Liwwaddes: Liwwadde), a city with 123,107[5] inhabitants. Other large municipalities in Friesland are Sneek (pop. 33,512), Heerenveen (pop. 50,257) and Drachten (pop. 55,938). Since 2017, Arno Brok is the King's Commissioner in the province. A coalition of the Christian Democratic Appeal, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, the Labour Party and the Frisian National Party forms the executive branch. The province is divided into 18 municipalities. The area of the province was once part of the ancient, larger region of Frisia. The official languages of Friesland are West Frisian and Dutch.

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  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
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