Free solo climbing

Free solo climbing, or free soloing, is a form of technical ice or rock climbing where the climbers (or free soloists) climb alone without ropes, harnesses or other protective equipment, forcing them to rely entirely on their own individual preparation, strength, and skill. Free soloing is the most dangerous form of climbing, and unlike bouldering, free soloists climb above safe heights, where a fall can very likely be fatal.[1][2] Though many climbers have attempted free soloing, it is considered "a niche of a niche" reserved for the sport's elite,[3] which has led many practitioners to stardom within both the media and the sport of rock climbing.[1][4] "Free solo" was originally a term of climber slang, but after the popularity of the Oscar-winning film Free Solo, Merriam-Webster officially added the word to their English dictionary in September 2019.[5]

  1. ^ a b Green, Stewart (20 July 2017). "Free Solo Climbing is Dangerous and Deadly". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  2. ^ Nadkarni, Nalini M. (February 2017). "After the Fall: The Tapestry of Disturbance and Recovery". Critical Care Medicine. 45 (2): 348–355. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000002176. ISSN 0090-3493. PMID 28098631.
  3. ^ Taylor, Will. "Why We Won't See a Rise in Free Solo Climbing Deaths After Alex Honnold's Story Won an Oscar". The Inertia. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Gale - User Identification Form". Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  5. ^ Berry, Natalie. "'Free Solo' enters Merriam-Webster Dictionary, Film Scoops 7 Emmys". UK Climbing.

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