Breakdancer - Faneuil Hall.jpg
A breakdancer performing outside Faneuil Hall, Boston, United States
GenreHip-hop dance
InventorStreet dancers
YearEarly 1970s
OriginNew York City
A breakdancer performing in Cologne, Germany, 2017

Breaking, also called breakdancing or b-boying/b-girling, is an athletic style of street dance from the United States. While diverse in the amount of variation available in the dance, breakdancing mainly consists of four kinds of movement: toprock, downrock, power moves and freezes. Breakdancing is typically set to songs containing drum breaks, especially in hip-hop, funk, soul music and breakbeat music, although modern trends allow for much wider varieties of music along certain ranges of tempo and beat patterns.

Breakdancing was created by Trixie (Lauree Myers),RIP Wallace D, Dancing Doug (Douglas Colon), A1 Bboy Sasa, DJ Clark Kent (Tyrone Smith), The Legendary Smith Twins, The Zulu Kings and Cholly Rock (Anthony G. Horne), OG BGirl - Darlene Rivers, "Puppet" (William "Billy Bill" Waring), Darryl Solomon (The Mad Hatter), Kurtis Blow, Troy Harewood, Lil Cesar Rivas, Shabba-Doo, and Puerto Rican youth in the early 1970s.[1][self-published source?] By the late 1970s, the dance had begun to spread to other communities and was gaining wider popularity;[2] at the same time, the dance had peaked in popularity among African Americans and Puerto Ricans.[2]

A practitioner of this dance is called a b-boy, b-girl, breakdancer or breaker. Although the term "breakdance" is frequently used to refer to the dance in popular culture and in the mainstream entertainment industry, "b-boying" and "breaking" were the original terms and are preferred by the majority of the pioneers and most notable practitioners.[3][4]

  1. ^ "Breakdancing, B-boying, Breaking". History of Hip Hop.
  2. ^ a b Okumura, Kozo. "B-Boying (Breaking)". Global Darkness.
  3. ^ Israel (director) (2002). The Freshest Kids: A History of the B-Boy (DVD). USA: QD3 Entertainment.
  4. ^ Adam Mansbach (May 24, 2009). "The ascent of hip-hop: A historical, cultural, and aesthetic study of b-boying (book review of Joseph Schloss' "Foundation")". The Boston Globe.

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