American English

American English
RegionUnited States
Native speakers
225 million, all varieties of English in the United States (2010 census)[1]
25.6 million L2 speakers of English in the United States (2003)
Early forms
Latin (English alphabet)
Unified English Braille[2]
Official status
Official language in
32 US states, 5 non-state US territories (see article)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
GlottologNone
IETFen-US[3][4]
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American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US),[a] sometimes called United States English or U.S. English,[5][6] is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.[7] Currently, American English is the most influential form of English worldwide.[8][9][10][11][12][13]

English is the most widely spoken language in the United States and in most circumstances is the de facto common language used in government, education, and commerce. While both English and Spanish are official in Puerto Rico, Spanish is dominant at home and in government.

American English varieties include many patterns of pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, and particularly spelling that are unified nationwide but distinct from other English dialects around the world.[14] Any American or Canadian accent perceived as free of noticeably local, ethnic, or cultural markers is popularly called "General" or "Standard" American, a fairly uniform accent continuum native to certain regions of the U.S. and associated nationally with broadcast mass media and highly educated speech. However, historical and present linguistic evidence does not support the notion of there being one single "mainstream" American accent.[15][16] The sound of American English continues to evolve, with some local accents disappearing, but several larger regional accents having emerged in the 20th century.[17]

  1. ^ English (United States) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ "Unified English Braille (UEB)". Braille Authority of North America (BANA). November 2, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
  3. ^ "English"; IANA language subtag registry; named as: en; publication date: 16 October 2005; retrieved: 11 January 2019.
  4. ^ "United States"; IANA language subtag registry; named as: US; publication date: 16 October 2005; retrieved: 11 January 2019.
  5. ^ Plichta, Bartlomiej, and Dennis R. Preston (2005). "The /ay/s Have It: The Perception of /ay/ as a North-South Stereotype in the United States English." Acta Linguistica Hafniensia 37.1: 107–130.
  6. ^ Zentella, A. C. (1982). Spanish and English in contact in the United States: The Puerto Rican experience. Word, 33(1–2), 41.
  7. ^ Crystal, David (1997). English as a Global Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-53032-3.
  8. ^ Engel, Matthew (2017). That's The Way It Crumbles: the American Conquest of English. London: Profile Books. ISBN 9781782832621. OCLC 989790918.
  9. ^ "Fears of British English's disappearance are overblown". The Economist. July 20, 2017. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  10. ^ Harbeck, James (July 15, 2015). "Why isn't 'American' a language?". www.bbc.com. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  11. ^ Reddy, C. Rammanohar. "The Readers' Editor writes: Why is American English becoming part of everyday usage in India?". Scroll.in. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  12. ^ "Cookies or biscuits? Data shows use of American English is growing the world over". Hindustan Times. The Guardian. July 17, 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  13. ^ Gonçalves, Bruno; Loureiro-Porto,José J. Ramasco,David Sánchez, Lucía; Ramasco, José J.; Sánchez, David (May 25, 2018). "Mapping the Americanization of English in space and time". PLOS ONE. 13 (5): e0197741. arXiv:1707.00781. Bibcode:2018PLoSO..1397741G. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0197741. PMC 5969760. PMID 29799872.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Kretzchmar 2004, pp. 262–263.
  15. ^ Labov 2012, pp. 1–2.
  16. ^ Kretzchmar 2004, p. 262.
  17. ^ "Do You Speak American?: What Lies Ahead?". PBS. Retrieved August 15, 2007.


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