2020 Summer Olympics

Games of the XXXII Olympiad
2020 Summer Olympics logo new.svg
Host cityTokyo, Japan
MottoUnited by Emotion[a]
Nations206 (including EOR team)
Events339 in 33 sports (50 disciplines)
Opening23 July 2021
Closing8 August 2021
Opened by
StadiumJapan National Stadium (known as Olympic Stadium during Games)
2020 Summer Paralympics

The 2020 Summer Olympics (Japanese: 2020年夏季オリンピック, Hepburn: Nisen Nijū-nen Kaki Orinpikku), officially the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (第三十二回オリンピック競技大会, Dai Sanjūni-kai Orinpikku Kyōgi Taikai) and branded as Tokyo 2020 (東京2020, Tōkyō Nii Zero Nii Zero), was an international multi-sport event held from 23 July to 8 August 2021 in Tokyo, Japan, with some preliminary events that began on 21 July.

Tokyo was selected as the host city during the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 7 September 2013.[2] Originally scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020, the event was postponed to 2021 in March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the first such instance in the history of the Olympic Games (previous games had been cancelled but not rescheduled).[3] However, the event retained the Tokyo 2020 name for marketing and branding purposes.[4] It was largely held behind closed doors with no public spectators permitted due to the declaration of a state of emergency in the Greater Tokyo Area in response to the pandemic.[b] The Summer Paralympics were held between 24 August and 5 September 2021, 16 days after the completion of the Olympics.[6]

The 2020 Games were the fourth Olympic Games to be held in Japan, following the Tokyo 1964 (Summer), Sapporo 1972 (Winter) and Nagano 1998 (Winter) games.[c] Tokyo is the first city in Asia to hold the Summer Games twice. The 2020 Games were the second of three consecutive Olympics to be held in East Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea and preceding the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, China.

New events were introduced in existing sports for 2020, including 3x3 basketball, freestyle BMX and mixed gender team events in a number of existing sports, as well as the return of madison cycling for men and an introduction of the same event for women. New IOC policies also allowed the host organizing committee to add new sports to the Olympic program for just one Games. The disciplines added by the Japanese Olympic Committee were baseball and softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing and skateboarding, the last four of which made their Olympic debuts, and the last three of which will remain on the Olympic program.[8]

The United States topped the medal count by both total golds (39) and total medals (113), with China finishing second by both respects (38 and 88). Host nation Japan finished third, setting a record for the most gold medals and total medals ever won by their delegation at an Olympic Games with 27 and 58. Great Britain finished fourth, with a total of 22 gold and 65 medals, becoming the first nation at the Summer Olympics to increase or equal their total medals won in the two Games subsequent to hosting them. The Russian delegation competing as the ROC (not to be confused with the Republic of China (Taiwan) which competed as Chinese Taipei, not ROC) finished fifth with 20 gold medals and third in the overall medal count, with 71 medals. Bermuda, the Philippines and Qatar won their first-ever Olympic gold medals.[9][10][11] Burkina Faso, San Marino and Turkmenistan won their first-ever Olympic medals.[12][13][14]

  1. ^ "'United by Emotion' to be the Tokyo 2020 Games Motto". Tokyo2020.org. Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.
  2. ^ "Olympics 2020: Tokyo wins race to host Games". BBC Sport. 7 September 2013. Archived from the original on 5 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Olympics history: Have the Games been postponed before?". Los Angeles Times. 24 March 2020. Archived from the original on 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  4. ^ Multiple sources:
  5. ^ Dooley, Ben (8 July 2021). "'Spectators Will Be Barred at Tokyo Olympics Amid New Covid Emergency". The New York Times.
  6. ^ "Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics: New dates confirmed for 2021". BBC Sport. 30 March 2020. Archived from the original on 10 June 2020.
  7. ^ "'This isn't the first time Olympics in Japan have been disrupted". The Washington Post.
  8. ^ Kremers, Daniel (2020). "Outdoor sports in the periphery: Far from the compact games". In Barbara Holthus; Isaac Gagné; Wolfram Manzenreiter; Franz Waldenberger (eds.). Japan Through the Lens of the Tokyo Olympics. Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781003033905. ISBN 978-1-003-03390-5.
  9. ^ "Flora Duffy wins Bermuda's first Olympic gold as GB's Georgia Taylor-Brown takes silver". The Independent. 26 July 2021. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  10. ^ "The Philippines Wins Its First Olympic Gold After Nearly 100 Years Of Trying". NPR.org. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Weightlifter Meso wins Qatar's first ever Olympic gold medal". insidethegames.biz. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  12. ^ Oyeleke, Sodiq (5 August 2021). "Hugues Zango wins Burkina Faso's first-ever Olympic medal". The Punch. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  13. ^ "San Marino wins first Olympic medal in nation's history | NBC Olympics". www.nbcolympics.com. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  14. ^ Ellingworth, James (27 July 2021). "Weightlifter Guryeva wins Turkmenistan's 1st Olympic medal". APNews. Retrieved 27 July 2021.

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