|Host city||Seoul, South Korea|
|Motto||Harmony and Progress|
(Korean: 화합과 전진)
|Athletes||8,391 (6,197 men, 2,194 women)|
|Events||237 in 23 sports (31 disciplines)|
|Stadium||Seoul Olympic Stadium|
1988 Summer Paralympics
|1988 Summer Olympics|
서울 하계 올림픽
|Revised Romanization||Seoul Hagye Ollimpik|
|IPA||sʌ.ul ɦaɡje olːimpʰik|
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|1988 Summer Olympics|
The 1988 Summer Olympics (Korean: 1988년 하계 올림픽; RR: 1988nyeon Hagye Ollimpig), officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean: 제24회 올림픽경기대회; RR: Je 24hoe Ollimpiggyeong-gidaehoe) and commonly known as Seoul 1988 (Korean: 서울 1988), was an international multi-sport event held from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. 159 nations were represented at the games by a total of 8,391 athletes (6,197 men and 2,194 women). 237 events were held and 27,221 volunteers helped to prepare the Olympics.
The 1988 Seoul Olympics were the second summer Olympic Games held in Asia and the first time the Olympic Games were held in South Korea. As the host country, South Korea ranked fourth overall, winning 12 gold medals and 33 medals in the competition. 11,331 media (4,978 written press and 6,353 broadcasters) showed the Games all over the world. These were the last Olympic Games of the Cold War, as well as for the Soviet Union and East Germany, as both ceased to exist before the next Olympic Games in 1992. The Soviet Union utterly dominated the medal count, winning 55 gold and 132 total medals. The results that got closest to that medal haul are China's 48 gold medals in 2008 and USA's 121 total medals in 2016.
Compared to the 1980 Summer Olympics (Moscow) and the 1984 Summer Olympics (Los Angeles), which were divided into two camps by ideology, the 1988 Seoul Olympics was a competition in which the boycotts virtually disappeared, although they were not completely over. North Korea boycotted the 1988 Seoul Olympics, as well as five socialist countries including Cuba, an ally of North Korea. Albania, Ethiopia, and Seychelles did not respond to the invitation sent by the IOC.
Nicaragua did not participate due to athletic and financial considerations. The participation of Madagascar had been expected, and their team was expected at the opening ceremony of 160 nations; however, the country withdrew for financial reasons. Nonetheless, the much larger boycotts seen in the 1976, 1980 and 1984 Olympics were avoided, resulting in the largest number of participating nations during the Cold War era. The 1988 Seoul Olympics are regarded as the Olympics that laid the groundwork for the end of the Cold War. Olympic boycotts ended completely at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics four years later.
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