1988 Summer Olympics

Games of the XXIV Olympiad
1988 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Host citySeoul, South Korea
MottoHarmony and Progress
(Korean: 화합과 전진)
Athletes8,391 (6,197 men, 2,194 women)
Events237 in 23 sports (31 disciplines)
Opening17 September
Closing2 October
Opened by
Sohn Mi-chung
Chung Sun-man
Kim Won-tak[1][2]
StadiumSeoul Olympic Stadium
1988 Summer Paralympics
1988 Summer Olympics
서울 하계 올림픽
Revised RomanizationSeoul Hagye Ollimpik
IPAsʌ.ul ɦaɡje olːimpʰik

The 1988 Summer Olympics (Korean1988년 하계 올림픽; RR1988nyeon Hagye Ollimpig), officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad (Korean제24회 올림픽경기대회; RRJe 24hoe Ollimpiggyeong-gidaehoe) and commonly known as Seoul 1988 (Korean: 서울 1988), was an international multi-sport event held from 17 September to 2 October 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. 159 nations were represented at the games by a total of 8,391 athletes (6,197 men and 2,194 women). 237 events were held and 27,221 volunteers helped to prepare the Olympics.

The 1988 Seoul Olympics were the second summer Olympic Games held in Asia and the first time the Olympic Games were held in South Korea. As the host country, South Korea ranked fourth overall, winning 12 gold medals and 33 medals in the competition. 11,331 media (4,978 written press and 6,353 broadcasters) showed the Games all over the world.[3] These were the last Olympic Games of the Cold War, as well as for the Soviet Union and East Germany, as both ceased to exist before the next Olympic Games in 1992. The Soviet Union utterly dominated the medal count, winning 55 gold and 132 total medals. The results that got closest to that medal haul are China's 48 gold medals in 2008 and USA's 121 total medals in 2016.

Compared to the 1980 Summer Olympics (Moscow) and the 1984 Summer Olympics (Los Angeles), which were divided into two camps by ideology, the 1988 Seoul Olympics was a competition in which the boycotts virtually disappeared, although they were not completely over. North Korea boycotted the 1988 Seoul Olympics, as well as five socialist countries including Cuba, an ally of North Korea. Albania, Ethiopia, and Seychelles did not respond to the invitation sent by the IOC.[4]

Nicaragua did not participate due to athletic and financial considerations.[5] The participation of Madagascar had been expected, and their team was expected at the opening ceremony of 160 nations; however, the country withdrew for financial reasons.[6] Nonetheless, the much larger boycotts seen in the 1976, 1980 and 1984 Olympics were avoided, resulting in the largest number of participating nations during the Cold War era. The 1988 Seoul Olympics are regarded as the Olympics that laid the groundwork for the end of the Cold War. Olympic boycotts ended completely at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics four years later.

  1. ^ a b "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 9 October 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Seoul 1988 Torch Relay". www.olympic.org. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference SEOUL 1988 Games of the XXIV Olympiad was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ John E. Findling; Kimberly D. Pelle (1996). Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 182–. ISBN 978-0-313-28477-9.
  5. ^ Janofsky, Michael (16 January 1988). "CUBANS TURN THEIR BACK ON THE SEOUL OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  6. ^ "Seoul Olympics 1988". Retrieved 27 September 2017.

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