Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

Rudolf II
AACHEN, Hans von - Portrait of Emperor Rudolf II - WGA.jpg
Portrait by Hans von Aachen
Reign12 October 1576 –
20 January 1612
PredecessorMaximilian II
Born18 July 1552
Vienna, Austria
Died20 January 1612(1612-01-20) (aged 59)
Prague, Bohemia
Issue(illeg.) Don Julius Caesar d'Austria
FatherMaximilian II
MotherMaria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress
ReligionRoman Catholicism
SignatureRudolf II's signature

Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg.

Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways:[1] an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the scientific revolution.

  1. ^ Hotson, 1999.

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