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|Reign||12 October 1576 – |
20 January 1612
|Born||18 July 1552|
|Died||20 January 1612 (aged 59)|
|Issue||(illeg.) Don Julius Caesar d'Austria|
|Mother||Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress|
Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg.
Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the scientific revolution.