Superman with his cape billowing
Superman in Superman: Secret Origin #6 (October 2010). Art by Gary Frank and Jon Sibal
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceAction Comics #1
(cover-dated June 1938; published April 18, 1938)
Created byJerry Siegel (writer)
Joe Shuster (artist)
In-story information
Alter egoKal-El (birth name)
Clark Joseph Kent (adopted name)
Place of origin
Team affiliationsJustice League
Legion of Super-Heroes
Superman Family
See list
    • Immense superhuman strength, speed, endurance, stamina, agility, reflexes, durability, senses, intelligence and longevity
    • Solar energy radiation absorption
    • Molecular acceleration
    • Superhuman Vision
      • Electromagnetic spectrum vision
      • Heat vision
      • Infrared vision
      • Microscopic vision
      • Telescopic vision
      • Thermal vision
      • X-ray vision
    • Superhuman breath
      • Freezing breath
      • Wind breath
    • Invulnerability
    • Self-Sustenance
    • Accelerated healing
    • Flight
    Superman Prime (DC One Million)
    • Superhuman Olfaction
    • Stellar energy radiation absorption and expulsion
    • Solar supercharge
    • Power Bequeathment
    • Immortality
    • Reality alteration
    • All the other powers and abilities from his past self

Superman is a superhero who appears in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Joe Shuster, and debuted in the comic book Action Comics #1 (cover-dated June 1938 and published April 18, 1938).[1] Superman has been adapted to a number of other media which includes radio serials, novels, movies, television shows and theatre.

Superman was born on the fictional planet Krypton and was named Kal-El. As a baby, his parents sent him to Earth a small spaceship moments before Krypton was destroyed in a natural cataclysm. His ship landed in the American countryside, near the fictional town of Smallville. He was found and adopted by farmers Jonathan and Martha Kent, who named him Clark Kent. Clark developed various superhuman abilities, such as incredible strength and impervious skin. His adoptive parents advised him to use his abilities for the benefit of humanity, and he decided to fight crime. To protect his personal life, he changes into a colorful costume and uses the alias "Superman" when fighting crime. Clark resides in the fictional American city of Metropolis, where he works as a journalist for the Daily Planet. Superman's supporting characters include his lover and fellow journalist Lois Lane, photographer and friend Jimmy Olsen, and archenemy Lex Luthor.

Superman is the classic archetype of the superhero character: he wears an outlandish costume, uses a codename, and fights evil with the aid of extraordinary abilities. Although there are earlier characters who arguably fit this definition, it was Superman who popularized the superhero genre and established its conventions. He was the best-selling superhero character in American comic books up until the 1980s.[2]

  1. ^ The copyright date of Action Comics #1 was registered as April 18, 1938.
    See Catalog of Copyright Entries. New Series, Volume 33, Part 2: Periodicals January–December 1938. United States Library of Congress. 1938. p. 129.
  2. ^ Dallas et. al (2013), American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1980s, p. 208

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