Alternative rock

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Alternative rock (also called alternative music, alt-rock, or simply alternative) is a category of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1970s and became widely popular in the 1990s. "Alternative" refers to the genre's distinction from mainstream or commercial rock or pop music. The term's original meaning was broader, referring to a generation of musicians unified by their collective debt to either the musical style or simply the independent, DIY ethos of punk rock, which in the late 1970s laid the groundwork for alternative music.[5]

Traditionally, alternative rock varied greatly in terms of its sound, social context and regional roots. Throughout the 1980s, magazines and zines, college radio airplay, and word of mouth had increased the prominence and highlighted the diversity of alternative rock, helping to define a number of distinct styles (and music scenes) such as noise pop, indie rock, grunge, and shoegazing. In September 1988, Billboard introduced "alternative" into their charting system to reflect the rise of the format across radio stations in the United States by stations like KROQ-FM in Los Angeles and WDRE-FM in New York, which were playing music from more underground, independent, and non-commercial rock artists.[6][7]

Initially, several alternative styles achieved minor mainstream notice and a few bands, such as R.E.M. and Jane's Addiction, were signed to major labels. But most alternative bands remained signed to independent labels and received relatively little attention from mainstream radio, television, or newspapers. With the breakthrough of Nirvana and the popularity of the grunge and Britpop movements in the 1990s, alternative rock entered the musical mainstream and many alternative bands became successful.

  1. ^ "Neo-Psychedelia Music Genre Overview". AllMusic.
  2. ^ Mitchell, Tony (2002). Global Noise: Rap and Hip Hop Outside the USA. Wesleyan University Press. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-8195-6502-0. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  3. ^ Whiteley, Sheila; Bennett, Andy; Hawkins, Stan (2004). Music, Space And Place: Popular Music And Cultural Identity. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-7546-5574-9. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  4. ^ "Grunge". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  5. ^ di Perna, Alan. "Brave Noise—The History of Alternative Rock Guitar". Guitar World. December 1995.
  6. ^ Ross, Sean (September 10, 1988). "Billboard Debuts Weekly Chart of Alternative Rock". Billboard. Vol. 100 no. 37. p. 1,10.
  7. ^ Trust, Gary (October 11, 2018). "Rewinding the Charts: In 1988, Alternative Songs Launched, With Siouxsie & the Banshees' 'Peek-a-Boo' as the First No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved June 16, 2020.

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