Supernatural

Saint Peter Attempting to Walk on Water (1766), painting by François Boucher

The supernatural encompasses supposed phenomena or entities that are not subject to the laws of nature.[1] This term is attributed to non-physical entities, such as angels, demons, gods, and spirits. It also includes claimed abilities embodied in or provided by such beings, including magic, telekinesis, levitation, precognition, and extrasensory perception.

Though the corollary term "nature", has had multiple meanings since the ancient world, the term "supernatural" emerged in the medieval period[2] and did not exist in the ancient world.[3] The supernatural is featured in folklore and religious contexts,[4] but can also feature as an explanation in more secular contexts, as in the cases of superstitions or belief in the paranormal.[5]

The philosophy of naturalism contends that nothing exists beyond the natural world, and as such approaches supernatural claims with skepticism.[6]

  1. ^ "Definition of SUPERNATURAL".
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference Bartlett was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference Oxford was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Pasulka, Diana; Kripal, Jeffrey (23 November 2014). "Religion and the Paranormal". Oxford University Press blog. Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ Halman, Loek (2010). "8. Atheism And Secularity In The Netherlands". In Phil Zuckerman (ed.). Atheism and Secularity Vol.2: Gloabal Expressions. Praeger. ISBN 9780313351839. "Thus, despite the fact that they claim to be convinced atheists and the majority deny the existence of a personal god, a rather large minority of the Dutch convinced atheists believe in a supernatural power!" (e.g. telepathy, reincarnation, life after death, and heaven)
  6. ^ "Naturalism". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. University of Tennessee. However, naturalism is not always narrowly scientistic. There are versions of naturalism that repudiate supernaturalism and various types of a priori theorizing without exclusively championing the natural sciences.

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