Trap music

Trap is a subgenre of hip hop music that originated in the Southern United States during the early 1990s. The genre gets its name from the Atlanta slang word "trap", a house used exclusively to sell drugs.[3] Trap music uses synthesized drums and is characterized by complex hi-hat patterns, tuned kick drums with a long decay (originally from the Roland TR-808 drum machine), and lyrical content that often focuses on drug use and urban violence.[4][5][6][7] It utilizes very few instruments and focuses almost exclusively on snare drums and double- or triple-timed hi-hats.[8][9]

Pioneers of the genre include producers Kurtis Mantronik, Mannie Fresh, Shawty Redd, Zaytoven, Fatboi,and Toomp, along with rappers Young Jeezy, Gucci Mane and T.I. (who coined the term with his 2003 album Trap Muzik). However, the modern trap sound was popularized by producer Lex Luger, who produced the influential Waka Flocka Flame album Flockaveli in 2010, and cofounded the prolific hip-hop production team 808 Mafia.[3]

Since crossing over into the mainstream in the 2010s, trap has become one of the most popular forms of American music, consistently dominating the Billboard Hot 100 throughout the decade, with artists such as Drake, Future, Cardi B, Migos, Lil Uzi Vert, Post Malone, XXXTentacion, Young Thug, and Travis Scott (among many others) all achieving No. 1s on the chart with songs featuring production inspired by the trap subgenre.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] It has influenced the music of many pop and R&B artists, such as Ariana Grande, Beyoncé, Miley Cyrus, Rihanna and more.[3][17] Its influence can also be heard in reggaetón and K-pop.[17] In 2018, hip-hop became the most popular form of music for the first time ever (according to Nielsen Data), coinciding with trap's continued rise in popularity.[18] In 2019, the trap-inspired country/rap crossover "Old Town Road" by Lil Nas X (featuring Billy Ray Cyrus) broke the record for spending the most weeks (19 weeks) at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart, as well as becoming the fastest song to reach a Diamond Certification.[19][20]

  1. ^ Sanfiorenzo, Dimas (November 18, 2017). "T.I. & Gucci Mane Both Claim They Invented "Trap Music" (They're Both Wrong)". Okayplayer.
  2. ^ Enis, Eli (October 27, 2020). "This is Hyperpop: A Genre Tag for Genre-less Music". Vice. The PC Music sound is an undeniable influence on hyperpop, but the style also pulls heavily from rap of the cloud, emo and lo-fi trap variety, as well as flamboyant electronic genres like trance, dubstep and chiptune.
  3. ^ a b c "Types Of Rap: A guide to the many styles of hip-hop". Redbull. January 24, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  4. ^ "Quit Screwing with Trap Music: An Interview with Houston-Born Producer Lōtic". Vice. June 11, 2012. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012.
  5. ^ "How Trap Music Came to Rule the World". Complex. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  6. ^ Raymer, Miles. "Who owns trap?". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on May 27, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  7. ^ Patterson, Joseph (January 19, 2013). "Trap Music: The Definitive Guide". Topman. Sabotage Times. Archived from the original on February 25, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
  8. ^ Phili, Stelios. "Fighting Weight: From the Trap to the Treadmill". GQ. Archived from the original on August 16, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  9. ^ "The trap phenomenon explained". DJ Mag. February 28, 2013. Archived from the original on July 23, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  10. ^ "Drake". Billboard. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  11. ^ "Cardi B becomes first female rapper to score two Billboard No. 1 hits". Entertainment Weekly. July 3, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  12. ^ Ryan, Patrick (January 3, 2018). "Rap overtakes rock as the most popular genre among music fans. Here's why". USA Today. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  13. ^ "2 Chainz". Billboard. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  14. ^ Trust, Gary (April 24, 2017). "Kendrick Lamar's 'Humble.' Hits No. 1 on Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  15. ^ "24kGoldn & Iann Dior's 'Mood' Hits No. 1 on Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  16. ^ "Travis Scott's 'Franchise' Flies In at No. 1 on Billboard Hot 100, Becoming His Record Third Chart-Topping Debut Within a Year". Billboard. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  17. ^ a b "How Trap Music Took Over | Sound Field". PBS LearningMedia. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  18. ^ Lynch, John (January 4, 2018). "For the first time in history, hip-hop has surpassed rock to become the most popular music genre, according to Nielsen". Business Insider. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  19. ^ Sisario, Ben (July 29, 2019). "Lil Nas X's 'Old Town Road' Breaks Billboard's Singles Record". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  20. ^ Ahlgrim, Callie. "Only 39 songs have stayed at No. 1 on the chart for more than 10 weeks — here they all are". Insider. Retrieved 2020-11-15.

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