Vienna

Vienna
Wien  (Austrian German)
From top, left to right: Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna City Hall, St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna State Opera, and Austrian Parliament Building
Flag of Vienna
Official seal of Vienna
Vienna is located in Austria
Vienna
Vienna
Location within Austria
Vienna is located in Europe
Vienna
Vienna
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 48°12′30″N 16°22′21″E / 48.20833°N 16.37250°E / 48.20833; 16.37250Coordinates: 48°12′30″N 16°22′21″E / 48.20833°N 16.37250°E / 48.20833; 16.37250
CountryAustria
StateVienna
Government
 • BodyState and Municipality Diet
 • Mayor and GovernorMichael Ludwig (SPÖ)
Area
 • Capital city, state and municipality414.78 km2 (160.15 sq mi)
 • Land395.25 km2 (152.61 sq mi)
 • Water19.39 km2 (7.49 sq mi)
Elevation
151 (Lobau) – 542 (Hermannskogel) m (495–1,778 ft)
Population
 • Rank1st in Austria (6th in EU)
 • Density4,326.1/km2 (11,205/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,911,191 (01−01−20)
 • Metro
2,600,000
 • Ethnicity[2]
Demonym(s)German: Wiener (m), Wienerin (f)
English: Viennese
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
ISO 3166 codeAT-9
Vehicle registrationW
HDI (2019)0.947[4]
very high · 1st
GDP€100 billion (2019)[5]
GDP per capita€52,700 (2019)[5]
Seats in the Federal Council
11 / 61
GeoTLD.wien
Websitewww.wien.gv.at
Vienna logo.svg

Official nameHistoric Centre of Vienna
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv, vi
Designated2001 (25th session)
Reference no.1033
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
Endangered2017 (2017)–present[6]

Vienna (/viˈɛnə/ (audio speaker iconlisten) vee-EN;[7][8] Austrian German: Wien [viːn] (audio speaker iconlisten); Austro-Bavarian: Wean [veɐ̯n]) is the national capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's most populous city, with about 2 million inhabitants[9] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[10] nearly one third of the country's population), and its cultural, economic, and political center. It is the 6th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union.

Until the beginning of the 20th century, Vienna was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I, the city had 2 million inhabitants.[11] Today, it is the second-largest German-speaking city after Berlin.[12][13] Vienna is host to many major international organizations, including the United Nations, OPEC and the OSCE. The city is located in the eastern part of Austria and is close to the borders of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. These regions work together in a European Centrope border region. Along with nearby Bratislava, Vienna forms a metropolitan region with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the city center was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In July 2017 it was moved to the list of World Heritage in Danger.[14] Additionally, Vienna is known as the "City of Music"[15] due to its musical legacy, as many famous classical musicians such as Beethoven and Mozart called Vienna home. Vienna is also said to be the "City of Dreams" because it was home to the world's first psychoanalyst, Sigmund Freud.[16] Vienna's ancestral roots lie in early Celtic and Roman settlements that transformed into a Medieval and Baroque city. It is well known for having played a pivotal role as a leading European music center, from the age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The historic center of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, including Baroque palaces and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstraße lined with grand buildings, monuments and parks.[17]

Vienna is known for its high quality of life. In a 2005 study of 127 world cities, the Economist Intelligence Unit ranked the city first (in a tie with Vancouver and San Francisco) for the world's most livable cities. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was ranked second, behind Melbourne.[18] Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna second on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within".[19] Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Vienna fourth on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within" (up from sixth in 2011 and eighth in 2010).[20] The UN-Habitat classified Vienna as the most prosperous city in the world in 2012–2013.[21] The city was ranked 1st globally for its culture of innovation in 2007 and 2008, and sixth globally (out of 256 cities) in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 indicators in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.[22][23][24] Vienna regularly hosts urban planning conferences and is often used as a case study by urban planners.[25] Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one destination for international congresses and conventions.[26] It attracts over 6.8 million tourists a year.[27]

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden, Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer, Gebietsstand 1.1.2019". Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  2. ^ Becoming a Minority Project. "Vienna - BAM - Becoming a Minority". bamproject.eu. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Postlexikon". Post AG. 2018. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org.
  5. ^ a b [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Centre of Vienna inscribed on List of World Heritage in Danger". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  7. ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0
  8. ^ Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-15253-2
  9. ^ STATISTIK AUSTRIA. "Bevölkerung zu Jahres-/Quartalsanfang". statistik.at. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  10. ^ "VCÖ.at: VCÖ fordert Nahverkehrsoffensive gegen Verkehrskollaps in den Städten". vcoe.at. 2008. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  11. ^ "Vienna after the war", The New York Times, 29 December 1918 (PDF)
  12. ^ "Wien nun zweitgrößte deutschsprachige Stadt | touch.ots.at". Archived from the original on 20 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Ergebnisse Zensus 2011" (in German). Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder. 31 May 2013. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  14. ^ "Historic Centre of Vienna". UNESCO. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Vienna – the City of Music – Vienna – Now or Never". Wien.info. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  16. ^ BBC Documentary – Vienna – The City of Dreams
  17. ^ "Historic Centre of Vienna". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  18. ^
  19. ^ Monocle. "Quality of Live Survey 2015". Monocle. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  20. ^
  21. ^ "State of the World's Cities 2012/2013". Archived from the original on 6 September 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  22. ^ "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings: Innovation Cities Program". Innovation-cities.com. 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  23. ^ "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings: Innovation Cities Program". Innovation-cities.com. 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  24. ^ "2thinknow Innovation Cities Global 256 Index – worldwide innovation city rankings: Innovation Cities Program". Innovation-cities.com. 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  25. ^ "Vienna knows how". wieninternational.at. 15 April 2010. Archived from the original on 15 September 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  26. ^ "Vienna is the world's number one congress destination". wieninternational.at. 1 June 2011. Archived from the original on 21 August 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  27. ^ "Vienna Tourist Board: Arrivals & bednights 2016". Retrieved 9 April 2016.

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