Austrian Empire

Austrian Empire
Kaisertum Österreich  (German)
1804–1867
Anthem: Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser
"God Save Emperor Francis"
The Austrian Empire in 1815, with the boundaries of the German Confederation in dotted lines
The Austrian Empire in 1815, with the boundaries of the German Confederation in dotted lines
The Austrian Empire at its greatest extent (1850s)
The Austrian Empire at its greatest extent (1850s)
Status
CapitalVienna
Common languagesAustro-Bavarian, German, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Ruthenian, Slovene, Croatian, Serbian, Romanian, Lombard, Venetian, Friulian, Ladin, Italian, Ukrainian, Yiddish
Religion
Majority:
Catholic (official)
Minorities:
Lutheranism, Calvinist, Eastern Orthodox, Jewish
Demonym(s)Austrian
Government
Emperor 
• 1804–1835
Francis I
• 1835–1848
Ferdinand I
• 1848–1867
Franz Joseph I
Minister-President 
• 1821–1848
Klemens von Metternich (first)
• 1867
Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust (last)
LegislatureImperial Council
House of Lords
House of Deputies
Historical era19th century
• Proclamation
11 August 1804
6 August 1806
8 June 1815
20 October 1860
14 June 1866
30 March 1867
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Holy Roman Empire
Archduchy of Austria
Electorate of Salzburg
Kingdom of Hungary (1301–1526)
Republic of Venice
Duchy of Milan
Kingdom of Bohemia
Margraviate of Moravia
Duchies of Silesia
Kingdom of Croatia (Habsburg)
Kingdom of Slavonia
Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
Duchy of Bukovina
Principality of Transylvania (1711–1867)
German Confederation
German Confederation
Austria-Hungary
Cisleithania
Transleithania
Kingdom of Italy
1: Territories of Austria and Bohemia only.

The Austrian Empire (German: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central-Eastern European multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs. During its existence, it was the third most populous empire in Europe after the Russian Empire and the United Kingdom. Along with Prussia, it was one of the two major powers of the German Confederation. Geographically, it was the third-largest empire in Europe after the Russian Empire and the First French Empire (621,538 square kilometres or 239,977 square miles). Proclaimed in response to the First French Empire, it partially overlapped with the Holy Roman Empire until the latter's dissolution in 1806.

The Kingdom of Hungary—as Regnum Independens—was administered by its own institutions separately from the rest of the empire. After Austria was defeated in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 was adopted, joining the Kingdom of Hungary and the Empire of Austria to form Austria-Hungary.


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