Rotterdam

Rotterdam
Erasmusbrug seen from Euromast.jpg
Laurenskerk, Rotterdam.jpg
Rotterdam zadkine monument.jpg
Overzicht - Rotterdam - 20358120 - RCE.jpg
2003-03-04 rotterdam 15 cubic houses.JPG
Rotterdam feyenoord stadion 1.jpg
Rotterdam stadhuis.jpg
Schielandshuis Rotterdam cropped.jpg
Rotterdam hotel newyork.jpg
Rotterdam aelbrechtskolk wallekant.jpg
Maasvlakte, containeropslag foto1 2014-03-09 11.12.jpg
From top down, left to right: Rotterdam at dusk,
Lawrence Church, The Destroyed City sculpture, Euromast,
Cube houses, De Kuip; stadium of Feyenoord,
City Hall of Rotterdam, Schieland House, Hotel New York,
Historic town centre of Delfshaven, Port of Rotterdam
Nickname(s): 
Rotown, Roffa, Rotjeknor, Nultien, 010
Motto(s): 
Sterker door strijd (Stronger through struggle)
Highlighted position of Rotterdam in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Rotterdam is located in South Holland
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Location in South Holland
Rotterdam is located in Netherlands
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Rotterdam (Netherlands)
Rotterdam is located in Europe
Rotterdam
Rotterdam
Rotterdam (Europe)
Coordinates: 51°55′N 4°30′E / 51.917°N 4.500°E / 51.917; 4.500Coordinates: 51°55′N 4°30′E / 51.917°N 4.500°E / 51.917; 4.500
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceSouth Holland
Districts
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorAhmed Aboutaleb (PvdA)
 • Aldermen
List
  • Judith Bokhove
  • Arno Bonte
  • Christine Eskes
  • Arjan van Gils
  • Michiel Grauss
  • Vincent Karremans
  • Said Kasmi
  • Bas Kurvers
  • Richard Moti
  • Roos Vermeij
Area
 • Municipality324.14 km2 (125.15 sq mi)
 • Land217.55 km2 (84.00 sq mi)
 • Water106.59 km2 (41.15 sq mi)
 • Randstad3,043 km2 (1,175 sq mi)
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population
 • Municipality651,157
 • Urban
1,273,385
 • Metro
2,390,101
 • Randstad
8,366,078
Demonym(s)Rotterdammer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
3000–3099
Area code010
Websitewww.rotterdam.nl

Rotterdam (/ˈrɒtərdæm/ ROT-ər-dam, UK also /ˌrɒtərˈdæm/ ROT-ər-DAM,[5][6] Dutch: [ˌrɔtərˈdɑm] (About this soundlisten)) is the second largest city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is in the province of South Holland, at the mouth of the Nieuwe Maas channel leading into the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270, when a dam was constructed in the Rotte. In 1340, Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland.[7] The Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area, with a population of approximately 2.7 million, is the 10th-largest in the European Union and the most populous in the country.

A major logistic and economic centre, Rotterdam is Europe's largest seaport. In 2020, it had a population of 651,446[8] and is home to over 180 nationalities. Rotterdam is known for its university, riverside setting, lively cultural life, maritime heritage and modern architecture. The near-complete destruction of the city centre in the World War II Rotterdam Blitz has resulted in a varied architectural landscape, including skyscrapers designed by architects such as Rem Koolhaas, Piet Blom and Ben van Berkel.[9][10]

The Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt give waterway access into the heart of Western Europe, including the highly industrialized Ruhr. The extensive distribution system including rail, roads, and waterways have earned Rotterdam the nicknames "Gateway to Europe" and "Gateway to the World".[11][12][13]

  1. ^ "College van b en w" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Rotterdam. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ Anita Bouman–Eijs; Thijmen van Bree; Wouter Jonkhoff; Olaf Koops; Walter Manshanden; Elmer Rietveld (17 December 2012). De Top 20 van Europese grootstedelijke regio's 1995–2011; Randstad Holland in internationaal perspectief [Top 20 of European metropolitan regions 1995–2011; Randstad Holland compared internationally] (PDF) (Technical report) (in Dutch). Delft: TNO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Postcodetool for 3011AD". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  5. ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180
  6. ^ Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521152532
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference rotnl was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand". CBS StatLine (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
    8,219,380 Randstad
    2,620,000 Rotterdam-The Hague Metro
    1,160,000 Rotterdam Urban
       651,446 Rotterdam Municipality
  9. ^ "Top 10 Cities : The Rough Guide to 2014". Rough Guides. 9 March 2015. Archived from the original on 22 March 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Urbanism Awards: Rotterdam takes top prize". Academy of Urbanism. 14 November 2014. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  11. ^ Jan Walburg (1 August 1984). The port of Rotterdam: Gateway to Europe.
  12. ^ Royal van Gorcum (1999). Dutch Culture in a European Perspective: 1950, prosperity and welfare. "Rotterdam port: Gateway to Europe" (p.151)
  13. ^ "Gateway to the world: how EU helped Rotterdam to become Europe's largest port | News | European Parliament". www.europarl.europa.eu. 21 February 2014. Archived from the original on 16 August 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2020.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne