Yoshihide Suga

Yoshihide Suga
菅 義偉
Official portrait of Suga
Official portrait, 2021
Prime Minister of Japan
In office
16 September 2020 – 4 October 2021
MonarchNaruhito
DeputyTarō Asō
Preceded byShinzo Abe
Succeeded byFumio Kishida
President of the Liberal Democratic Party
In office
14 September 2020 – 29 September 2021
Secretary-GeneralToshihiro Nikai
Preceded byShinzo Abe
Succeeded byFumio Kishida
Chief Cabinet Secretary
In office
26 December 2012 – 16 September 2020
Prime MinisterShinzo Abe
Preceded byOsamu Fujimura
Succeeded byKatsunobu Katō
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
In office
26 September 2006 – 27 August 2007
Prime MinisterShinzo Abe
Preceded byHeizō Takenaka
Succeeded byHiroya Masuda
Member of the House of Representatives
for Kanagawa's 2nd district
Assumed office
20 October 1996
Preceded byConstituency established
Personal details
Born
菅 義偉 (Suga Yoshihide)

(1948-12-06) 6 December 1948 (age 72)
Yuzawa, Akita, Japan
Political partyLiberal Democratic
Spouse(s)Mariko Suga
Children3
Alma materHosei University (LLB)
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Yoshihide Suga (菅 義偉, Suga Yoshihide, born 6 December 1948) is a Japanese politician who served as Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) from 2020 to 2021. He had served as Chief Cabinet Secretary during the second administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe from 2012 to 2020. During Abe's first administration, Suga served as Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications from 2006 to 2007.

Born to a family of strawberry farmers in rural Akita Prefecture, Suga moved to Tokyo after graduating from high school, where he enrolled in Hosei University.[1] Shortly after graduating with a Bachelor of Laws, Suga became an aide to Representative Hikosaburo Okonogi in 1975, before entering politics himself when he was elected to the Yokohama Municipal Assembly in 1987.[2] In the 1996 election, Suga was elected to the House of Representatives, representing Kanagawa's 2nd district as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

During his time in the Diet, Suga became a close ally of then-Chief Cabinet Secretary Shinzo Abe. When Abe first became Prime Minister in 2006, he appointed Suga to the Cabinet as Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications. Suga left the Cabinet a year later, but after the LDP won the 2012 election, Suga was appointed Chief Cabinet Secretary, a role he would hold throughout Abe's second term as Prime Minister.[3] This made him the longest-serving Chief Cabinet Secretary in Japanese history. In September 2020, after Abe announced that he would resign due to health concerns, Suga declared his candidacy in the subsequent LDP leadership election. Widely considered the frontrunner, Suga comfortably won the election on 14 September with 70% of the vote. Two days later, he was formally elected Prime Minister by the Diet and appointed by Emperor Naruhito, making him the first new Prime Minister of the Reiwa era.[4]

After his election as LDP leader, Suga stated that his premiership would focus on continuing the economic policies and goals of the Abe administration, including removing the antiwar clause in Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution, and securing the release of Japanese abductees from North Korea.[5][6] Suga's premiership focused primarily on responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, including overseeing the rollout of vaccines in the country. Suga's time in office also saw the holding of the delayed 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics in Tokyo and the announcement of a plan for Japan to reach carbon neutrality by 2050.[7]

While Suga began his time in office relatively popular, his approval ratings quickly fell due to public dissatisfaction with the government's handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and management of the delayed Olympic Games. By the end of Suga's premiership, he was recording some of the lowest approval ratings in Japanese history.[8] Facing hesitancy from his party amid preparation for the 2021 LDP leadership election and upcoming 2021 general election, Suga announced on 3 September 2021 that he would not seek re-election as President of the LDP later that month, which effectively ended his term as Prime Minister after just one year. He was succeeded by Fumio Kishida on 4 October 2021.[9][10]

  1. ^ "Who is Yoshihide Suga, Japan's next prime minister?". Mainichi Shimbun. 14 September 2020. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Japan's Next Prime Minister Emerges From Behind the Curtain". The New York Times. 14 September 2020. Archived from the original on 16 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  3. ^ "The Key Government Post of Chief Cabinet Secretary". nippon.com. 27 May 2019. Archived from the original on 4 March 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  4. ^ Sieg, Linda (29 August 2020). "In race to replace Japan's Abe, loyalist Suga emerges as strong contender". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 August 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference nippon_2020-09-05 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Rich, Motoko; Inoue, Makiko; Dooley, Ben (14 September 2020). "Japan's Next Prime Minister Emerges From Behind the Curtain". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Suga to pledge 46% reduction in greenhouse gases by 2030". The Asahi Shimbun. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Japan's Prime Minister to Step Aside After Just a Year in Office". The New York Times. 3 September 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  9. ^ "Japan PM Suga says won't run in ruling party leadership race-NHK". Reuters. 3 September 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Fumio Kishida: Japan's new prime minister takes office". BBC News. 4 October 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.

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