Wushu (sport)

10th all china games floor.jpg
Also known asKung fu, CMA, WS
FocusStriking, Grappling, Throwing, Performance Martial Art
Country of originGreater China
Famous practitionersSee: Category:Wushu practitioners
Highest governing bodyInternational Wushu Federation
First playedChina
ContactDependent on type of Wushu
Team membersIndividuals or Team
Mixed genderYes
TypeMartial art
VenueTaolu Carpet or Lei Tai (fighting arena)
Country or regionWorldwide, Asia primarily
Olympic(Unofficial Sport) 2008
World Championships1991
World Games(Invitational Sport) 2009, 2013, 2022
Traditional Chinese武術
Simplified Chinese武术
Literal meaning"Martial arts"

Wushu (/ˌwˈʃ/), or Kungfu, is a hard and soft and complete martial art, as well as a full-contact sport.[1][2] It has a long history in reference to Chinese martial arts. It was developed in 1949 in an effort to standardize the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts,[3] yet attempts to structure the various decentralized martial arts traditions date back earlier, when the Central Guoshu Institute was established at Nanking in 1928.

"Wushu" is the Chinese term for "martial arts" (武 "Wu" = military or martial, 術 "Shu" = art). In contemporary times, Wushu has become an international sport under the International Wushu Federation (IWUF), which holds the World Wushu Championships every two years. Wushu is an official event at the Asian Games, Southeast Asian Games, World Combat Games, and in various other multi-sport events.

  1. ^ Liu, Melinda (18 February 2010). "Kung Fu Fighting for Fans". Newsweek. Archived from the original on 30 August 2008.
  2. ^ Wren, Christopher (11 September 1983). "Of monks and martial arts". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  3. ^ Fu, Zhongwen (2006) [1996]. Mastering Yang Style Taijiquan. Louis Swaine. Berkeley, California: Blue Snake Books. ISBN 1-58394-152-5.

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