Statistics of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

Excess mortality caused by COVID-19, from March 1, 2020 to April 4, 2020.

The CDC publishes official numbers of COVID-19 cases in the United States.

In February 2020, at the beginning of the pandemic, a shortage of tests made it impossible to confirm all possible COVID-19 cases[1] and resulting deaths, so the early numbers were likely undercounts.[2][3][4][5] Another way to estimate COVID-19 deaths that includes unconfirmed cases is to use the excess mortality, which is the overall number of deaths that exceed what would normally be expected.[6] From March 1, 2020 through the end of 2020, there were 522,368 excess deaths in the United States, which is 22.9% more than would have been expected in that time period.[7] The CDC estimates that, between February 2020 and May 2021, only 1 in 1.3 COVID-19 deaths were attributed to COVID-19,[8] and the true COVID-19 death toll was 767,000 as of May 2021.[9]

The following numbers are based on CDC data, which is incomplete.

  1. ^ Multiple sources:
    • Eastwood, Joel; Overberg, Paul; Barry, Rob (April 4, 2020). "Why We Don't Know How Many Americans Are Infected With Coronavirus—and Might Never Know". The Wall Street Journal.
    • "Lack of testing clouds virus picture on the North Coast | Coronavirus". April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    • "How Many People in the United States Actually Have COVID-19?". Healthline. 18 March 2020.
    • Bosman, Julie (April 11, 2020). "Official Counts Understate the U.S. Coronavirus Death Toll—The New York Times". Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    • "US coronavirus map: Tracking the United States outbreak". January 28, 2020. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
    • Roberts, Jeff J. (April 3, 2020). "Can the private sector provide better coronavirus data? Experts are skeptical". Fortune. Retrieved April 10, 2020. Confirmed coronavirus cases in the U.S. crossed 200,000 on Thursday, but experts agree the actual number of infected people is much higher. The lack of reliable data—a persistent problem since the pandemic began—has made it impossible to determine the actual size of the outbreak, hampering the U.S. response.
    • Myer, Robinson; Madrigal, Alexis (April 16, 2020). "A New Statistic Reveals Why America's COVID-19 Numbers Are Flat". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  2. ^ Kliff, Sarah; Bosman, Julie (April 5, 2020). "Official Counts Understate the U.S. Coronavirus Death Toll". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
  3. ^ Abdelmalek, Mark; Margolin, Josh; Katersky, Aaron; David, Eden (April 7, 2020). "Coronavirus death toll in US likely worse than numbers say". ABC News. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  4. ^ Brown, Emma; Reinhard, Beth; Davis, Aaron C. (April 5, 2020). "Coronavirus death toll: Americans are almost certainly dying of covid-19 but being left out of the official count". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  5. ^ Swan, Jonathan; Baker, Sam (May 6, 2020). "Trump and some top aides question the accuracy of virus death toll". Axios.
  6. ^ "Excess Deaths Associated with COVID-19". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention—National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
  7. ^ Woolf, Steven H.; Chapman, Derek A.; Sabo, Roy T. (2 April 2021). "Excess Deaths From COVID-19 and Other Causes in the US, March 1, 2020, to January 2, 2021". JAMA. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.5199. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  8. ^ CDC (2020-02-11). "Cases, Data, and Surveillance". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  9. ^ Iuliano, A. Danielle; Chang, Howard H.; Patel, Neha N.; Threlkel, Ryan; Kniss, Krista; Reich, Jeremy; Steele, Molly; Hall, Aron J.; Fry, Alicia M.; Reed, Carrie (2021-07-13). "Estimating Under-recognized COVID-19 Deaths, United States, March 2020-May 2021 using an Excess Mortality Modelling Approach". The Lancet Regional Health – Americas. 0 (0). doi:10.1016/j.lana.2021.100019. ISSN 2667-193X. PMC 8275579.

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