Phad painting

Folk-deity Pabuji in Pabuji Ki Phad, a Phad painting scroll at National Museum, New Delhi

Phad painting or phad (/pʌd/; IAST: Phad, Hindi: फड़ ) is a style religious scroll painting and folk painting, practiced in Rajasthan state of India.[1][2] This style of painting is traditionally done on a long piece of cloth or canvas, known as phad. The narratives of the folk deities of Rajasthan, mostly of Pabuji and Devnarayan are depicted on the phads. The Bhopas, the priest-singers traditionally carry the painted phads along with them and use these as the mobile temples of the folk deities, who are worshipped by the Rebari community of the region. The phads of Pabuji are normally about 15 feet in length, while the phads of Devnarayan are normally about 30 feet long. Traditionally the phads are painted with vegetable colors.

The Joshi families of Bhilwara, Shahpura in Bhilwara district of Rajasthan are widely known as the traditional artists of this folk art-form for the last two centuries. Presently, Shree Lal Joshi, Nand Kishor Joshi, Pradip Mukherjee, Prakash Joshi , Ghanshyam Joshi and Shanti Lal Joshiare the most noted artists of the phad painting, who are known for their innovations and creativity.

Traditional examples of this art are Devnarayan Ki Phad and Pabuji Ki Phad.[3][4] This style was revolutionized by Shree Lal Joshi and Pradip Mukherjee about forty years ago. Mukherjee's paintings are based on the stories of Ramcharitmanas, Gita Govinda, Kumārasambhava, Bhagavad Gita and Hanuman Chalisa.[5]The art of Phad painting was exclusively practiced by the Joshi community. However, in 1960, Shree Lal Joshi opened a school called 'Joshi Kala Kendra' for everyone to learn this art style. Presently, the school is called 'Chitrashala'. [6][7]

  1. ^ Chillibreeze. Indian Murals and Paintings. Chillibreeze. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-81-904055-1-5.
  2. ^ Rakesh Kumar (2007). Encyclopaedia of Indian paintings. Anmol Publications. p. 83. ISBN 978-81-261-3122-8.
  3. ^ Dalrymple, William (2009). Nine Lives. The Singers of Epics. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. pp. 96–97. ISBN 1-4088-0153-1. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  4. ^ "The bhopas of Rajasthan". The National. 4 September 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  5. ^ Shilp Guru Awards 2007 and 2008. New Delhi: Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. 2008. pp. 40–41.
  6. ^ Chaudhuri, Zinnia Ray. "Phad paintings: Rajasthan's travelling temples are fading away after half a millennium". Scroll.in. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Chitrashala: Keeping Phad Art alive". The Better India. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2019.

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