History of Jerusalem

During its long history, Jerusalem has been attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, besieged 23 times, and destroyed twice.[1] The oldest part of the city was settled in the 4th millennium BCE, making Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world.[2]

Given the city's central position in both Israeli nationalism and Palestinian nationalism, the selectivity required to summarize more than 6,000 years of inhabited history is often[3][4] influenced by ideological bias or background (see Historiography and nationalism). For example, the Jewish periods of the city's history are important to Israeli nationalists, whose discourse states that modern Jews originate and descend from the Israelites,[Note 1][Note 2] while the Islamic periods of the city's history are important to Palestinian nationalists, whose discourse suggests that modern Palestinians descend from all the different peoples who have lived in the region.[Note 3][Note 4] As a result, both sides claim the history of the city has been politicized by the other in order to strengthen their relative claims to the city,[3][4][9][10] and that this is borne out by the different focuses the different writers place on the various events and eras in the city's history.

  1. ^ "Do We Divide the Holiest Holy City?". Moment Magazine. Archived from the original on 3 June 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2008.. According to Eric H. Cline’s tally in Jerusalem Besieged.
  2. ^ "Timeline for the History of Jerusalem". Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Retrieved 16 April 2007.
  3. ^ a b Azmi Bishara. "A brief note on Jerusalem". Archived from the original on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  4. ^ a b Daniel Pipes. "Constructing a Counterfeit History of Jerusalem". Retrieved 7 January 2011.
  5. ^ David Ben-Gurion, 1947
  6. ^ Teddy Kollek (1990). Jerusalem. Policy Papers. Vol. 22. Washington, DC: Washington Institute For Near East Policy. pp. 19–20. ISBN 9780944029077.
  7. ^ Ali Qleibo, Palestinian anthropologist
  8. ^ Walid Khalidi, 1984, Before Their Diaspora: A Photographic History of the Palestinians, 1876–1948. Institute for Palestine Studies
  9. ^ Eric H. Cline. "How Jews and Arabs Use (and Misuse) the History of Jerusalem to Score Points". Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  10. ^ Eli E. Hertz. "One Nation's Capital Throughout History" (PDF). Retrieved 22 September 2010.


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