Guernica (Picasso)

Guernica
PicassoGuernica.jpg
ArtistPablo Picasso
Year1937
MediumOil on canvas
MovementCubism, Surrealism
Dimensions349.3 cm × 776.6 cm (137.4 in × 305.5 in)
LocationMuseo Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain

Guernica (Spanish: [ɡeɾˈnika], Basque: [ɡernika]) is a large 1937 oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.[1][2] It is one of his best known works, regarded by many art critics as the most moving and powerful anti-war painting in history.[3] It is exhibited in the Museo Reina Sofía in Madrid.

The grey, black, and white painting, which is 3.49 meters (11 ft 5 in) tall and 7.76 meters (25 ft 6 in) across, portrays the suffering of people and animals wrought by violence and chaos. Prominent in the composition are a gored horse, a bull, screaming women, death, dismemberment, and flames.

Picasso painted Guernica at his home in Paris in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country town in northern Spain, by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy at the request of the Spanish Nationalists. Upon completion, Guernica was exhibited at the Spanish display at the 1937 Paris International Exposition, and then at other venues around the world. The touring exhibition was used to raise funds for Spanish war relief.[4] The painting soon became famous and widely acclaimed, and it helped bring worldwide attention to the Spanish Civil War.

  1. ^ Richardson (2016)
  2. ^ Picasso, Pablo. Guernica. Museo Reina Sofía. (Retrieved 2017-09-07.)
  3. ^ "Pablo Picasso". Biography.com.
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference Cohen_2003 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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