Dick Cheney

Dick Cheney
Official portrait of vice president Dick Cheney
Official portrait, 2004
46th Vice President of the United States
In office
January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byAl Gore
Succeeded byJoe Biden
17th United States Secretary of Defense
In office
March 21, 1989 – January 20, 1993
PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush
DeputyDonald J. Atwood Jr.
Preceded byFrank Carlucci
Succeeded byLes Aspin
House Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 1989 – March 20, 1989
LeaderRobert H. Michel
Preceded byTrent Lott
Succeeded byNewt Gingrich
Chair of the House Republican Conference
In office
June 4, 1987 – January 3, 1989
LeaderRobert H. Michel
Preceded byJack Kemp
Succeeded byJerry Lewis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wyoming's at-large district
In office
January 3, 1979 – March 20, 1989
Preceded byTeno Roncalio
Succeeded byCraig L. Thomas
7th White House Chief of Staff
In office
November 21, 1975 – January 20, 1977
PresidentGerald Ford
Preceded byDonald Rumsfeld
Succeeded byHamilton Jordan (1979)
White House Deputy Chief of Staff
In office
December 18, 1974 – November 21, 1975
PresidentGerald Ford
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byLandon Butler
Personal details
Richard Bruce Cheney

(1941-01-30) January 30, 1941 (age 80)
Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
(m. 1964)
EducationUniversity of Wyoming (BA, MA)
SignatureCursive signature in ink

Richard Bruce Cheney (/ˈni/ CHAYN-ee;[1] born January 30, 1941) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 46th vice president of the United States from 2001 to 2009 under president George W. Bush. Cheney, often cited as the most powerful vice president in American history,[2][3] ended his tenure as an unpopular figure in American politics.[4] He is currently the oldest living former U.S. vice president, following the death of Walter Mondale in 2021.

Born in Lincoln, Nebraska, Cheney grew up there and later in Casper, Wyoming.[5] He attended Yale University before earning a Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts in political science from the University of Wyoming. He began his political career as an intern for Congressman William A. Steiger, eventually working his way into the White House during the Nixon and Ford administrations. He served as White House chief of staff from 1975 to 1977. In 1978, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and represented Wyoming's at-large congressional district from 1979 to 1989, briefly serving as House minority whip in 1989. He was selected as Secretary of Defense during the presidency of George H. W. Bush, and held the position for most of Bush's term from 1989 to 1993.[6] During his time there, he oversaw 1991's Operation Desert Storm, among other actions. Out of office during the Clinton administration, he was the chairman and CEO of Halliburton from 1995 to 2000.

In July 2000, Cheney was chosen by presumptive Republican presidential nominee George W. Bush as his running mate in the 2000 presidential election. They defeated their Democratic opponents, incumbent Vice President Al Gore and Senator Joe Lieberman. In 2004 Cheney was reelected to his second term as vice president with Bush as president, defeating their Democratic opponents Senators John Kerry and John Edwards. During Cheney's tenure as vice president, he played a leading behind-the-scenes role in the George W. Bush administration's response to the September 11 attacks and coordination of the Global War on Terrorism. He was an early proponent of invading Iraq, alleging that the Saddam Hussein regime possessed a weapons of mass destruction program and had an operational relationship with Al-Qaeda; however, neither allegation was ever substantiated. He also pressured the intelligence community to provide intelligence consistent with the administration's rationales for invading Iraq. Cheney was often criticized for the Bush Administration's policies regarding the campaign against terrorism, for his support of wiretapping by the National Security Agency (NSA) and for his endorsement of "enhanced interrogation techniques" which several critics have labeled as torture.[7][8][9] He publicly disagreed with President Bush's position against same-sex marriage in 2004.[10]

  1. ^ In his early life the vice president himself pronounced his family name as /ˈni/ CHEE-nee, the pronunciation used by his family. After moving east he adopted the pronunciation /ˈni/ CHAYN-ee favored by the media and public-at-large. See Cheney Holds News Briefing with Republican House Leaders, Aired on CNN December 5, 2000 Archived March 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Cheney Government in Exile, Alliance for a Strong America Commercial, 2014 on YouTube
  2. ^ "Cheney: A VP With Unprecedented Power". NPR.org. January 15, 2009. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  3. ^ Reynolds, Paul (October 29, 2006). "The most powerful vice-president ever?". BBC News. United Kingdom: British Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Little Change in Negative Images of Bush and Cheney, Gallup
  5. ^ Cheney: The Untold Story of America's Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President, p. 11
  6. ^ "Richard B. Cheney – George H.W. Bush Administration". Office of the Secretary of Defense – Historical Office. Archived from the original on June 14, 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  7. ^ "Prewar Iraq Intelligence: A Look at the Facts". NPR.org. NPR. November 23, 2005. Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  8. ^ "Cheney Pushed U.S. to Widen Eavesdropping". The New York Times. May 14, 2006. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  9. ^ "Cheney offended by Amnesty criticism Rights group accuses U.S. of violations at Guantanamo Bay". CNN. May 21, 2005. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  10. ^ "Cheney at odds with Bush on gay marriage – politics". NBC News. August 25, 2004. Archived from the original on October 30, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2016.

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