Democratic Party (United States)

Democratic Party
ChairpersonJaime Harrison (SC)
Governing bodyDemocratic National Committee
U.S. PresidentJoe Biden (DE)
U.S. Vice PresidentKamala Harris (CA)
Senate Majority LeaderChuck Schumer (NY)
Speaker of the HouseNancy Pelosi (CA)
House Majority LeaderSteny Hoyer (MD)[a]
Founders
FoundedJanuary 8, 1828; 193 years ago (1828-01-08)[1]
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Preceded byDemocratic-Republican Party
Headquarters430 South Capitol St. SE,
Washington, D.C. 20003
Student wingHigh School Democrats of America
College Democrats of America
Youth wingYoung Democrats of America
Women's wingNational Federation of Democratic Women
Overseas wingDemocrats Abroad
Membership (2021)Increase 48,517,845[2]
Ideology
Colors  Blue
Seats in the Senate
48 / 100[b]
Seats in the House of Representatives
220 / 435
State governorships
23 / 50
Seats in state upper chambers
861 / 1,972
Seats in state lower chambers
2,438 / 5,411
Territorial governorships
4 / 6
Seats in territorial upper chambers
31 / 97
Seats in territorial lower chambers
8 / 91
Election symbol
Democratic Disc.svg
Website
democrats.org

The Democratic Party is one of the two major, contemporary political parties in the United States. It was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.[11] Its main historic rival is the Republican Party.

Before 1860, the Democratic Party supported limited government and state sovereignty while opposing a national bank and high tariffs. It split in two in 1860 over slavery and won the presidency only twice between 1860 and 1910. In the late 19th century, it continued to oppose high tariffs and had bitter internal debates on the gold standard. In the early 20th century, it supported progressive reforms and opposed imperialism, with Woodrow Wilson winning the White House in 1912 and 1916. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition after 1932, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform.[3][12] The New Deal attracted strong support for the party from recent European immigrants, many of whom were Catholics based in the cities, but caused a decline of the party's conservative pro-business wing.[13][14][15] Following the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the core bases of the two parties shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic. The once-powerful labor union element became smaller after the 1970s, though the working class remains an important component of the Democratic base. Women, people living in urban areas, younger Americans, and college graduates, as well as most sexual, religious, and racial minorities, also tend to support the Democratic Party.[16][17][18][19]

The Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism blends notions of civil liberty and social equality with support for a mixed economy.[20] In Congress, the party is a big-tent coalition with influential centrist, progressive, and conservative wings.[21] Corporate governance reform, environmental protection, support for organized labor, expansion of social programs, affordable college tuition, health care reform,[22] equal opportunity, and consumer protection form the core of the party's economic agenda.[23][24] On social issues, it advocates campaign finance reform,[25] LGBT rights,[26] criminal justice and immigration reform,[27] stricter gun laws,[28] abortion rights,[29] and the legalization of marijuana.[30]

Including the incumbent, Joe Biden, 16 Democrats have served as President of the United States. As of 2021, the party holds a federal government trifecta (the presidency and majorities in both the U.S. House and the U.S. Senate), as well as 23 state governorships, 18 state legislatures, 15 state government trifectas (the governorship and both legislative chambers), and the mayoralty of most major cities.[31] Three of the nine justices on the U.S. Supreme Court were appointed by Democratic presidents. By registered members, the Democratic Party is the largest party in the United States and the third largest in the world.[3]


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ Donald B. Cole (1970). Jacksonian Democracy in New Hampshire. Harvard University Press. p. 69.
  2. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2021 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Arnold, N. Scott (2009). Imposing values: an essay on liberalism and regulation. Oxford University Press. p. 3. ISBN 9780495501121. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020. Modern liberalism occupies the left-of-center in the traditional political spectrum and is represented by the Democratic Party in the United States.
  4. ^ "President Obama, the Democratic Party, and Socialism: A Political Science Perspective". The Huffington Post. June 29, 2012. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2015.
  5. ^ Hale, John (1995). The Making of the New Democrats. New York: Political Science Quarterly. p. 229.
  6. ^ a b Dewan, Shaila; Kornblut, Anne E. (October 30, 2006). "In Key House Races, Democrats Run to the Right". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  7. ^ Etzioni, Amitai (January 8, 2015). "The Left's Unpopular Populism". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on October 26, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2017.
  8. ^ Sullivan, Sean; Costa, Robert (March 2, 2020). "Trump and Sanders lead competing populist movements, reshaping American politics". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  9. ^ Ball, Molly. "The Battle Within the Democratic Party". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  10. ^ Chotiner, Isaac (March 2, 2020). "How Socialist Is Bernie Sanders?". The New Yorker. Retrieved February 14, 2021.
  11. ^ "The Democratic Party, founded in 1828, is the world's oldest political party" states Kenneth Janda; Jeffrey M. Berry; Jerry Goldman (2010). The Challenge of Democracy: American Government in Global Politics. Cengage Learning. p. 276. ISBN 9780495906186.
  12. ^ Grigsby, Ellen (2008). Analyzing Politics: An Introduction to Political Science. Cengage Learning. pp. 106–107. ISBN 9780495501121. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020. In the United States, the Democratic Party represents itself as the liberal alternative to the Republicans, but its liberalism is for the most part the later version of liberalism—modern liberalism.
  13. ^ Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic Voter in American Politics: The Passing of the Democratic Monolith. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University. ISBN 978-0-87840-724-8.
  14. ^ Marlin, George J. (2004). The American Catholic Voter: 200 Years of Political Impact. South Bend, Indiana: St. Augustine. ISBN 978-1-58731-029-4. Archived from the original on October 2, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
  15. ^ Michael Corbett et al. Politics and Religion in the United States (2nd ed. 2013).
  16. ^ "How Asian Americans Became Democrats". The American Prospect. Archived from the original on September 26, 2018. Retrieved October 22, 2016.
  17. ^ Brownstein, Ronald (May 21, 2019). "The Democratic Party is being transformed. These House votes show how". CNN. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  18. ^ Cite error: The named reference gallup2010 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ Larry E. Sullivan. The SAGE glossary of the social and behavioral sciences (2009). p. 291: "This liberalism favors a generous welfare state and a greater measure of social and economic equality. Liberty thus exists when all citizens have access to basic necessities such as education, healthcare, and economic opportunities."
  20. ^ Allott, Daniel (November 14, 2020). "Biden could lose Georgia Senate races all by himself". The Hill. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  21. ^ Goodnough, Abby; Kaplan, Thomas. "Democrat vs. Democrat: How Health Care Is Dividing the Party". The New York Times. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  22. ^ Levy, Jonah (2006). The State after Statism: New State Activities in the Age of Liberalization. Harvard University Press. p. 198. ISBN 9780495501121. In the corporate governance area, the center-left repositioned itself to press for reform. The Democratic Party in the United States used the postbubble scandals and the collapse of share prices to attack the Republican Party ... Corporate governance reform fit surprisingly well within the contours of the center-left ideology. The Democratic Party and the SPD have both been committed to the development of the regulatory state as a counterweight to managerial authority, corporate power, and market failure.
  23. ^ U.S. Department of State. "A Mixed Economy: The Role of the Market". About.com. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017.
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference ontheissues.org was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ Cite error: The named reference :0 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  26. ^ Chammah, Maurice (July 18, 2016). "Two Parties, Two Platforms on Criminal Justice". The Marshall Project. Archived from the original on May 31, 2019. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  27. ^ "Preventing Gun Violence". Democrats.org. Archived from the original on November 4, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  28. ^ "Democratic Party on Abortion". OnTheIssues.org. Archived from the original on September 11, 2020. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  29. ^ "The 2016 Democratic Platform". Democrats.org. Archived from the original on September 27, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  30. ^ "State government trifectas". Ballotpedia. Archived from the original on March 28, 2018. Retrieved January 13, 2018.

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