COVID-19 pandemic in India

COVID-19 pandemic in India
India COVID-19 cases density map.svg
COVID-19 cases per 100,000 people by state, as of 18 May
India COVID-19 confirmed cases map.svg
Map of confirmed cases
India COVID-19 active cases map.svg
Map of active cases
India COVID-19 deaths map.svg
Map of deaths due to the pandemic
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index caseThrissur, Kerala[2]
10°31′39″N 76°12′52″E / 10.5276°N 76.2144°E / 10.5276; 76.2144
Date30 January 2020 – ongoing
(1 year, 11 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)[3]
Confirmed cases39,543,328[4]
28 states and 8 union territories[5]
  • 929,971,622[4] (total people vaccinated)
  • 684,436,700[4] (people fully vaccinated)
  • 1,622,210,924[4] (vaccine doses given)
Government website

The COVID-19 pandemic in India is a part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). As of 20 January 2022, according to official figures, India has the second-highest number of confirmed cases in the world (after the United States of America) with 39,543,328[4] reported cases of COVID-19 infection and the third-highest number of COVID-19 deaths (after the United States and Brazil) at 489,848[4] deaths.[6][7][8] However these figures exhibit severe under-reporting.[9][10]

The first cases of COVID-19 in India were reported on 30 January 2020 in three towns of Kerala, among three Indian medical students who had returned from Wuhan, the epicenter of the pandemic.[11][12][13] Lockdowns were announced in Kerala on 23 March, and in the rest of the country on 25 March. On 10 June, India's recoveries exceeded active cases for the first time.[14] Infection rates started to drop in September, along with the number of new and active cases.[15] Daily cases peaked mid-September with over 90,000 cases reported per-day, dropping to below 15,000 in January 2021.[16] A second wave beginning in March 2021 was much more devastating than the first, with shortages of vaccines, hospital beds, oxygen cylinders and other medical supplies in parts of the country.[16] By late April, India led the world in new and active cases. On 30 April 2021, it became the first country to report over 400,000 new cases in a 24-hour period.[17][9] Experts stated that the virus may reach an endemic stage in India rather than completely disappear;[18] in late August 2021, Soumya Swaminathan said India may be in some stage of endemicity where the country learns to live with the virus.[19]

India began its vaccination programme on 16 January 2021 with AstraZeneca vaccine (Covishield) and the indigenous Covaxin.[6][20] Later, Sputnik V and the Moderna vaccine was approved for emergency use too.[21] As of 8 January 2022, the country had administered over 1.5 billion vaccine doses.[6][22] On 21 October 2021, at 9:47 AM according to the Co-WIN portal, India crossed 100 crore (1 billion) doses.[23]

  1. ^ Sheikh, Knvul; Rabin, Roni Caryn (10 March 2020). "The Coronavirus: What Scientists Have Learned So Far". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Kerala confirmed first novel coronavirus case in India". India Today. 30 January 2020.
  3. ^ Reid, David (30 January 2020). "India confirms its first coronavirus case". CNBC. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Ritchie, Hannah; Mathieu, Edouard; Rodés-Guirao, Lucas; Appel, Cameron; Giattino, Charlie; Ortiz-Ospina, Esteban; Hasell, Joe; Macdonald, Bobbie; Beltekian, Diana; Dattani, Saloni; Roser, Max (2020–2021). "Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19)". Our World in Data. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Home | Ministry of Health and Family Welfare | GOI". Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b c "#IndiaFightsCorona COVID-19". Govt of India. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  7. ^ Scroll Staff. "Coronavirus: India records 25,166 new cases in 24 hours – lowest in 154 days". Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  8. ^ Dong, Ensheng; Du, Hongru; Gardner, Lauren (1 May 2020). "An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time". The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 20 (5): 533–534. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30120-1. ISSN 1473-3099. PMC 7159018. PMID 32087114.
  9. ^ a b "India coronavirus: New record deaths as virus engulfs India". BBC News. 2 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  10. ^ Multiple sources:
  11. ^ Andrews, MA; Areekal, Binu; Rajesh, KR; Krishnan, Jijith; Suryakala, R; Krishnan, Biju; Muraly, CP; Santhosh, PV (May 2020). "First confirmed case of COVID-19 infection in India: A case report". Indian Journal of Medical Research. 151 (5): 490–492. doi:10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_2131_20. PMC 7530459. PMID 32611918. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  12. ^ Narasimhan, T. E. (30 January 2020). "India's first coronavirus case: Kerala student in Wuhan tested positive". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 11 March 2020. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  13. ^ "India's first coronavirus patient discharged after being cured". Hindustan Times. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  14. ^ Shivani Kumar (10 June 2020). "Covid-19: Number of recoveries exceed active cases for first time". Hindustan Times. New Delhi. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  15. ^ "With very high COVID-19 testing, India's positivity rate fallen below 8%: MoHFW". The Economic Times. 18 October 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  16. ^ a b Michael Safi (21 April 2021). "India's shocking surge in Covid cases follows baffling decline". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Coronavirus | India becomes first country in the world to report over 4 lakh new cases on 30 April 2021". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 30 April 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2 May 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  18. ^ Manral, Karan (9 July 2021). "When will India be free of Covid-19? Virus will become endemic, says top ICMR official". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 25 August 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ Bhaduri, Ayshee (25 August 2021). Goswami, Sohini (ed.). "Learning to live with Covid? India may be entering endemic stage, says top doc". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 25 August 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ Daily COVID-19 vaccine doses administered - India, Our World in Data. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  21. ^ Livemint (29 June 2021). "Cipla gets nod to import Moderna's vaccine for emergency use in India: Report". mint. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  22. ^ "Cumulative Covid vaccine doses administered in India cross 55 crore: Govt". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 16 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  23. ^ "Coronavirus LIVE Updates: India Reports 15,786 New Cases, 231 Deaths In 24 Hours". NDTV. 22 October 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

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