COVID-19 pandemic in Europe

COVID-19 pandemic in Europe
Persons died due to coronavirus COVID-19 per capita in Europe.svg
Confirmed deaths per million residents as of 4 March 2021
COVID-19 outbreak Europe per capita cases map.svg
Cumulative confirmed cases per 100,000 people as of 21 December 2020. The numbers are not comparable, as the testing strategy differs among countries and time periods.
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationEurope
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1]
Index caseBordeaux, France
Arrival date21 January 2020
(2 years and 3 days ago)
Confirmed cases121,102,103
Recoveredno data
Deaths
1,675,476
Territories
57

The global COVID-19 pandemic arrived in Europe with its first confirmed case in Bordeaux, France, on 24 January 2020, and subsequently spread widely across the continent. By 17 March 2020, every country in Europe had confirmed a case,[2] and all have reported at least one death, with the exception of Vatican City.

Italy was the first European nation to experience a major outbreak in early 2020, becoming the first country worldwide to introduce a national lockdown.[3] By 13 March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Europe the epicentre of the pandemic[4][5] and it remained so until the WHO announced it has been overtaken by South America on 22 May.[6] By 18 March 2020, more than 250 million people were in lockdown in Europe.[7] Despite deployment of COVID-19 vaccines, Europe became the pandemic's epicentre once again in late 2021.[8]

As the outbreak became a major crisis across Europe, national and European Union responses have led to debate over restrictions of civil liberties and the extent of European Union solidarity.

In January 2022, it was announced by WHO that half of the Europeans will have caught the Omicron variant.[9]

  1. ^ "2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Summary". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 26 January 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  2. ^ @MeGovernment (17 March 2020). "Two COVID-19 cases confirmed in Montenegro" (Tweet). Retrieved 17 March 2020 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ Saglietto, Andrea; D’Ascenzo, Fabrizio; Zoccai, Giuseppe Biondi; Ferrari, Gaetano Maria De (4 April 2020). "COVID-19 in Europe: the Italian lesson". The Lancet. 395 (10230): 1110–1111. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30690-5. ISSN 0140-6736. PMC 7118630. PMID 32220279.
  4. ^ Nebehay, Stephanie (13 March 2020). "Europe is epicenter of coronavirus pandemic: WHO". Reuters. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Coronavirus: Europe now epicentre of the pandemic, says WHO". BBC. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  6. ^ Feuer, Will (22 May 2020). "South America is a 'new epicenter' of the coronavirus pandemic, WHO says".
  7. ^ Henley, Jon (18 March 2020). "More than 250m in lockdown in EU as Belgium and Germany adopt measures". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 1 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  8. ^ "COVID-19's epicentre again: Europe faces fresh reckoning". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  9. ^ "Covid: Half of Europe to be infected with Omicron within weeks - WHO". BBC News. 11 January 2022. Retrieved 14 January 2022.

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