COVID-19 lockdowns

A usually congested highway in Penang, Malaysia, deserted during the Movement Control Order (MCO).
Healthcare workers in Hong Kong prepare to conduct mass COVID-19 testing of Jordan residents during a localised lockdown.
A sign usually used for traffic management displays a public health warning in Belfast during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom.
At a community quarantine checkpoint in Bohol, Philippines, police officers check a passing jeepney.
Queue in front of a supermarket in Italy caused by social distancing measures and supply shortages during the lockdown.
Volunteers in Cape Town pack food parcels to distribute to the needy during the pandemic lockdown in South Africa.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of non-pharmaceutical interventions colloquially known as lockdowns (encompassing stay-at-home orders, curfews, quarantines, cordons sanitaires and similar societal restrictions) have been implemented in numerous countries and territories around the world. These restrictions were established to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.[1] By April 2020, about half of the world's population was under some form of lockdown, with more than 3.9 billion people in more than 90 countries or territories having been asked or ordered to stay at home by their governments.[2] Although similar disease control measures have been used for hundreds of years, the scale seen in the 2020s is thought to be unprecedented.[3]

Research and case studies have shown that lockdowns are effective at reducing the spread of COVID-19, therefore flattening the curve.[4] The World Health Organization's recommendation on curfews and lockdowns is that they should be short-term measures to reorganize, regroup, rebalance resources, and protect health workers who are exhausted. To achieve a balance between restrictions and normal life, the WHO recommends a response to the pandemic that consists of strict personal hygiene, effective contact tracing, and isolating when ill.[5]

Although public health experts and economists generally supported lockdown restrictions, citing greater long-term costs for allowing the disease to spread uncontrollably, pandemic restrictions have had health,[6] social, and economic impacts, and have been met with protests in some territories.

  1. ^ "Coronavirus: 7 dead, 229 infected in Italy as Europe braces for COVID-19". NBC News. Archived from the original on 16 May 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  2. ^ Sandford, Alasdair (2 April 2020). "Coronavirus: Half of humanity on lockdown in 90 countries". euronews. Archived from the original on 19 May 2020. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  3. ^ Levenson, Michael (2 January 2020). "Scale of China's Wuhan Shutdown Is Believed to Be Without Precedent". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2 May 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  4. ^ Perra, Nicola (13 February 2021). "Non-pharmaceutical interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic: A review". Physics Reports. 913: 1–52. arXiv:2012.15230. Bibcode:2021PhR...913....1P. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2021.02.001. ISSN 0370-1573. PMC 7881715. PMID 33612922.
  5. ^ Doyle, Michael (11 October 2020). "WHO doctor says lockdowns should not be main coronavirus defence". ABC. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  6. ^ Meyerowitz-Katz, Gideon; Bhatt, Samir; Ratmann, Oliver; Brauner, Jan Markus; Flaxman, Seth; Mishra, Swapnil; Sharma, Mrinank; Mindermann, Sören; Bradley, Valerie; Vollmer, Michaela; Merone, Lea (1 August 2021). "Is the cure really worse than the disease? The health impacts of lockdowns during COVID-19". BMJ Global Health. 6 (8): e006653. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2021-006653. ISSN 2059-7908. PMC 8292804. PMID 34281914.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia · View on Wikipedia

Developed by Nelliwinne